Which Scrum Artifacts Provide Transparency?

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Scrum artifacts that provide transparency include the product backlog, sprint backlog, and the increment. These crucial components promote a shared understanding and progress tracking for the scrum team and stakeholders. These artifacts play an essential role in aiding teams to align their efforts and goals and serve as visual representations of the team’s work. 

The Three Key Artifacts

The three key Scrum artifacts (product backlog, sprint backlog, and increment) work cohesively to facilitate transparency and provide a clear insight into the project’s progress. Each artifact has its unique purpose and character, contributing significantly to the overall organization and understanding of the project.

  • Product backlog: As a comprehensive and prioritized list of features, enhancements, and requirements for the project, the product backlog sets a clear direction and vision for the team’s efforts. Managed by the Product Owner, it offers transparency into the project’s goals and priorities, allowing stakeholders to have an open view of what the team is working towards and expectations. It also allows the development team to have a clear understanding of what needs to be built and the order of importance.
  • Sprint backlog: Derived from the product backlog, the sprint backlog contains specific tasks and product backlog items (PBIs) that the Scrum team planned for the ongoing sprint. This artifact establishes explicit short-term goals for the team, granting stakeholders a transparent view of the team’s immediate focus and commitments throughout the sprint duration.
  • Increment: This artifact is the sum of all completed product backlog items at the end of a sprint. It represents the work done by the development team during the sprint and should be a potentially releasable, usable, and valuable version of the product. The increment must meet the team’s agreed-upon Definition of Done, ensuring that it meets quality standards and ultimately boosting transparency about the project’s status.

Additional Artifacts for Enhanced Transparency

Apart from the three primary Scrum artifacts, additional artifacts can be introduced to further enhance transparency and facilitate better collaboration among team members. Below are the other artifacts:

Burndown chart: This graphical representation displays the work remaining in a sprint, allowing the team to visualize the progress toward the sprint goal. By offering a clear picture of completed and outstanding tasks, burndown charts contribute to transparency by enabling stakeholders to assess the team’s pace and forecast potential bottlenecks or delays.
Definition of “Done”: This artifact outlines the expected quality standards and criteria for marking a task or product increment as complete. Establishing a clear definition of “Done” ensures that everyone on the team shares the same understanding of when a task is considered finished, fostering transparency through consistent expectations and mutual understanding.

Incorporating these additional artifacts into a Scrum project can further heighten transparency by providing better clarity and understanding of the team’s progress, expectations, and communication. As a result, the entire team and stakeholders gain valuable insights into the project’s status, facilitating more effective collaboration and decision-making.


Scrum artifacts are indispensable components of the Scrum framework, as they significantly contribute to promoting transparency, communication, and collaboration within the team and among stakeholders. By properly using and managing Scrum artifacts, it can lead to success of any team embracing the Agile methodology and striving for continuous improvement.

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